All of my posts so far have been stripboard, sometimes known as Veroboard (a company's name for it,) layouts. Stripboard layouts blew the doors open for my DIY habit, when I realized a small pile of the stuff could make me literally thousands of different simple circuits, e.g. guitar pedals, for a very low cost, on a whim--assuming a stock of common parts. Now I'm branching out into using it for stereo equipment, and soon, professional audio equipment. Turret board, point to point, and perfboard are other similar construction methods not using pre-fabricated Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs). I still find it very helpful that companies like www.musicpcb.com, www.guitarpcb.com, www.classicapi.com and many others offer PCBs for more complex projects or those requiring space efficiency, or for those requiring absolute lowest noise by using a large ground plane, for all of which stripboard is not always the best option.
If you are a beginner or are unfamiliar with working with stripboard, and wish to try, please take a look at my link in the right hand column of this blog.